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In the last case, he must pay the referees for time and trouble. He should also be willing to pay his just quota for the support of government, the law, and the constitution; the end of which is to furnish indifferent and impartial judges in all cases that may happen, whether civil, ecclesiastical, marine, or military.
Government was instituted for the purposes of common defence, and those who hold the reins of government have an equitable, natural right to an honorable support from the same principle that "the laborer is worthy of his hire. Governors have no right to seek and take what they please; by this, instead of being content with the station assigned them, that of honorable servants of the society, they would soon become absolute masters, despots, and tyrants.
Hence, as a private man has a right to say what wages he will give in his private affairs, so has a community to determine what they will give and grant of their substance for the administration of public affairs. And, in both cases, more are ready to offer their service at the proposed and stipulated price than are able and willing to perform their duty. In short, it is the greatest absurdity to suppose it in the power of one, or any number of men, at the entering into society, to renounce their essential natural rights, or the means of preserving those rights; when the grand end of civil government, from the very nature of its institution, is for the support, protection, and defence of those very rights; the principal of which, as is before observed, are Life, Liberty, and Property.
If men, through fear, fraud, or mistake, should in terms renounce or give up any essential natural right, the eternal law of reason and the grand end of society would absolutely vacate such renunciation.
The right to freedom being the gift of God Almighty, it is not in the power of man to alienate this gift and voluntarily become a slave. The Rights of the Colonists as Christians.
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These may be best understood by reading and carefully studying the institutes of the great Law Giver and Head of the Christian Church, which are to be found clearly written and promulgated in the New Testament. And, by the charter of this Province, it is granted, ordained, and established that is, declared as an original right that there shall be liberty of conscience allowed in the worship of God to all Christians, except Papists, inhabiting, or which shall inhabit or be resident within, such Province or Territory.
Blackstone's Commentaries VI. The Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement as also those of free citizens equally perdurable with the other. That great author, that great jurist, and even that court writer, Mr. Justice Blackstone, holds that this recognition was justly obtained of King John, sword in hand. And peradventure it must be one day, sword in hand, again rescued and preserved from total destruction and oblivion. William Vincent Wells, The Life and Public Services of Samuel Adams: being a narrative of his acts and opinions, and of his agency in producing and forwarding the American Revolution.
With extracts from his correspondence, state papers, and political essays. Little, Brown, and Company, Applewood Books, edition. Text searchable. Here is embodied the whole philosophy of human rights, condensed from the doctrines of all time, and applied to the immediate circumstances of America.
Upon this paper was based all that was written or spoken on human liberty in the Congress which declared independence; and the immortal instrument itself is, in many features, but a repetition of the principles here enunciated, and of Joseph Warren's list of grievances, which followed the Rights of the Colonists in the report. If we look back to the first efforts of Samuel Adams, when, as a young essayist in the obscure little weekly paper of his native town, twenty-five years before, he boldly advocated the liberties of the people against oppressive rulers, we shall find that his ideas on these subjects were as firmly fixed as now, when he gave them not to a circle of provincial readers alone, but to the world.
The sentiments are the same, and the man who adopted them must have been by nature an assertor of popular rights. There can be no better proof of the admirable consistency of his character than a patient examination of his works throughout his long life. At the age of fifty he found no reason to retract a word, or retrace a step; and the principles with which he had commenced life accompanied him to the close. When another century had dawned upon him, and he was fast sinking into the grave, his sincere admirer, Thomas Jefferson, then just elected President of the United States, wrote to his "ever respected and venerable friend": "Your principles have been tested in the crucible of time, and have come out pure.
You have proved that it was monarchy, and not merely British monarchy, you opposed. A government by representatives, elected by the people at short periods, was our object, and our maxim at that day was,' Where annual election ends, tyranny begins. Boston Gazette, and Country Journal , n. January 8, , p. Putnam's Sons, , p. Plus, Untitled article by "Vindex. Addresses power of the governor over sessions of General Assembly. Putnam's Sons, Reprinted 1B.
Poore, The Federal and State Constitutions, , vol. Harry Alonzo Cushing, editor. The Writings of Samuel Adams. New York: G. The public cannot be too curious concerning the character of public men. The Name of the Lord, says the Scripture, is a strong Tower, thither the Righteous flee and are safe [Proverbs ].
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Let us secure his Favor, and he will lead us through the Journey of this Life and at length receive us to a better. The Man who is conscientiously doing his Duty will ever be protected by that Righteous and all powerful Being, and when he has finishd his Work he will receive an ample Reward. I am not more convincd of any thing than that it is my Duty to oppose to the utmost of my Ability the Designs of those who would enslave my Country; and with Gods Assistance I am resolvd to oppose them till their Designs are defeated or I am called to quit the Stage of Life.
Samuel Adams to Samuel P. Savage and James Warren, October 26, I suppose Congress will recommend that a Day be set apart through out the United States for solemn Thanksgiving. Congress will, I suppose recommend the setting apart one Day of publick Thanksgiving to be observd throughout the united States.
Let us ascribe Glory to God who has graciously vouchsafd to favor the Cause of America and of Mankind.
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Boston Gazette, and Country Journal , p. Putnam's Sons, , pp.
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Formerly this great contest was carried on upon paper. The conspirators against the rights and liberties of our country left no art untried, to induce the people to submit to their unrighteous claims. But they were circumvented by our watchful patriots.
They were, if I may use the expression, out-reasoned by some, and laughed off the stage by others; and we will never forget those steadfast and persevering friends, who forever prov'd themselves incapable of being brib'd by the soft whispers of flattery, or awed by foul-mouthed calumny and the threats of power.
Afterwards the contest became more serious and important. The people of this country were not driven to take up arms, they did it voluntarily in defence of their liberty. They properly considered themselves as called by God, and warranted by Him, to encounter every hazard in the common cause of Man, We have had for several years past a well-appointed Army. May every citizen in the army and in the country, have a proper sense of the DEITY upon his mind, and an impression of that declaration recorded in the Bible, "Him that honoreth me I will honor, but he that despiseth me shall be lightly esteemed.
Putnam's Sons, , Volume IV, p. I hope they have made a wise choice. At least, from the opinion I entertain of their virtue, I am persuaded they have acted with all that deliberation and caution which the solemnity of the transaction required. They may then reflect, each one on his own integrity, and appeal to the Monitor within his breast, that he has not trifled with the sacred trust reposed in him by GOD and his country 'that he has not prostituted his honor and conscience to please a friend or a patron' that he has not been influenced with the view of private emolument to himself and his family, but has faithfully given his vote for the candidate whom he thought most worthy the choice of free and virtuous citizens.
An election sermon. Putnam's Sons, , Vol. IV, p. Wells, editor. The Life and Public Services of Samuel Adams, being a narrative of his acts and opinions, and of his agency in producing and forwarding the American Revolution. In the name of God, Amen. I, Samuel Adams of Boston, in the County of Suffolk, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Esquire, being, through Divine goodness, of sound and disposing mind and memory, and considering the uncertainty of human life, do make and ordain this to be my last will and testament, in manner and form following, viz.
Adams, William Minister and college president. By Rev. William Adams. New York, C. Scribner, New-York, New York, A Discourse on the life and services of Professor Moses Stuart. New-York: J. Trow, printer, With Andrew Dickson White, Christian Patriotism : New York: A. Randolph, Part of the Samuel J. May anti-slavery collection donated to Cornell University Library.
First cousin of John Adams, the second president of the United States. A sermon preached at Lexington, on the nineteenth of April, ; being the anniversary of the commencement of the war between Britain and America, which broke out in that town on the 19th of April, By Zabdiel Adams, A. Pastor of the Church in Lunenburgh. Kings] 39,  p. Pastor of the church in Lunenburg.
Fleet and J. Gill, . Aiken, S. Samuel Clark Pastor. A Discourse, delivered on Sabbath morning, Feb. Moral View of Rail Roads. Aitken, Robert Scottish bookbinder. Read more about Aitken here.
Robert Aitken's Bible was the first known English-language Bible to be printed in America, and also the only Bible to receive Congressional approval. Philadelphia: David C. Claypoole, from the Journals of Congress.
Congress "highly approve the pious and laudable undertaking of Mr. Aitken, as subservient to the interest of religion. Philadelphia: printed and sold by R. Aitken, Aitken published Congress's recommendation of September and related documents Item as an imprimatur on the two pages following his title page.
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